Updated: Sep 14, 2020
Gov Newsom signed SB 145. Here is what you should know.
The law recognizes that brains of children under 18 are incapable of understanding the long-range consequences of their decisions. So when a 14 year old girl "agrees" to have intercourse with an 18 year old male, this is considered this statutory rape because she is incapable of giving consent. The male, if convicted, would have to register as a sex offender.
The intention of SB 145 was to remove the stigma for same-sex acts. In CA (as many other states) consenting heterosexual acts between teens of similar ages are rarely prosecuted. The so-called "Romeo & Juliet" policies seek to prevent clogging the courts with legal action against 17 and 18 year olds who are sexually active, even though the age of consent in CA is 18. SB 145 sought to do the same for sex acts between people of the same sex.
What does the law would mean for your family? In Real Life it would mean that a 23 year old pedophile who grooms your 15 year old son for a period of time, eventually culminating in sexual acts, might not be criminal. As long as there are less than 10 years difference in their ages, the JUDGE might decide your son was a "willing" participant, and therefore the 23 year old male would NOT be required to register as a sex offender.
Ultimately, it legally normalizes adult-minor same-sex behavior as long as there was LESS than ten years difference in their ages. In Real LIfe, a judge could decide that an 18 year old who engages in sex acts with a 9 year old is only guilty of a misdemeanor, and not have to register as a sex offender.